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Women in Mind

Women and girls with epilepsy have unique health concerns. As a result of these differences, women with epilepsy can face special challenges.

This includes issues relating to reproductive health, hormonal and menstrual cycles, contraception, bone health, parenting, menopause, and usage of certain anti-epileptic medications.

Our Women in Mind program includes resource kits which contain information specifically for women and girls living with epilepsy.

We also host lectures and highlight new developments and research about women’s health and epilepsy.

A list of our related Information Sheets, lectures, news alerts, research findings, and other useful sources of information are found below.

"We acknowledge the financial support of the Province of British Columbia."


Hormones & Epilepsy in Women    
Female hormones control many processes in the body. Their impact on brain cells can have implications on seizure frequency. 

Special Concerns About Seizure Medications for Women    
Different anti-epileptic medications can have different impacts on women as compared to men.

Special Concerns About Epilepsy for Teenage Girls    
Puberty brings physical changes that may require adjustments in medication dosages and/or types, and the need for vitamin supplementation.

Epilepsy and Contraception    
Certain seizure medicines can make some contraceptive methods less effective. 

Epilepsy & Sexual Relationships for Women    
It is not unusual for people to have sexual difficulties, and women and men with epilepsy are no exception.

Pregnancy & the Mother’s Health  
Pregnancy could affect seizure frequency, may require changes in medications, and have other impacts on women with epilepsy. 

Pregnancy & the Developing Child 
Anti-epileptic medications could have potential risks on a developing child. The frequency and potential severity of these are discussed. 

Parenting Concerns for the Mother with Epilepsy    
Every prospective parent has to think through issues that could affect the safety of their baby. Included are some tips specifically for women with epilepsy.

Menopause & Epilepsy    
Seizure frequency may change in some women as they go through menopause. There is also an increased risk of fractures.

Bone Health    
Certain anti-epileptic medications could decrease bone density. This risk is higher in women.


Issues for Women with Epilepsy 
The presentation slides of a lecture delivered on April 29, 2014 by Dr. Tiffany Townsend.


Women Succeeding with Epilepsy 
These online videos and articles profile women with epilepsy. They are inspiring stories about women in diverse circumstances.

Women's Health Topics
This is a section of the Epilepsy Foundation website. It includes information about the biological and social issues that affect women with epilepsy.

The North American Anti-Epileptic Drug (AED) Pregnancy Registry
This is a research project established to determine the safety of seizure medications that can be taken by women during pregnancy. It is maintained out of Genetics and Teratology Unit of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Women who enroll will be asked to provide information about the health status of their children in three short phone interviews. Any woman who is currently pregnant and is taking AEDs is strongly encouraged to enroll to help advance research on this topic.


March 2015
The postpartum period in women with epilepsy
Neurological Clinics

February 2015
Epilepsy and eating disorders during pregnancy; prevalence, complications and birth outcome

February 2015
Improving the prescription of folate to women receiving antiepileptic drugs
Epilepsy Research

January 2015
Seizure occurrence, pregnancy outcome among women with active convulsive epilepsy: One year prospective study

December 2014
Perampanel and Oral Contraceptives
Epilepsy Society

December 2014
Depression and anxiety in women with epilepsy during pregnancy and after delivery: A prospective population-based cohort study on frequency, risk factors, medication, and prognosis.


November 2014
EU Strengthens Warnings on Valproate Use in Women
Medscape Medical News

October 2014
Treatment for Epilepsy in Pregnancy: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in the Child
The Cochrane Library

October 2014
Anti-Epileptic Drugs and Risk of Miscarriage
MGH Center for Women's Mental Health

September 2014
Birth Outcomes After Prenatal Exposure to Antiepileptic Drugs

August 2014
The Outcomes of Pregnancy in Women with Untreated Epilepsy

August 2014
Allopregnanolone Levels and Seizure Frequency in Progesterone-Treated Women with Epilepsy


July 2014
Epilepsy and Menopause: Potential Implications for Pharmacotherapy
Drugs and Aging

July 2014
Pregnancy Might Protect Against Seizures For Women with Catemenial Epilepsy
Neurology Today

July 2014
The Efficacy of the Newer Antiepileptic Drugs in Controlling Seizures in Pregnancy

June 2014
Pregnant Women with Bipolar and Epilepsy Often Undertreated
American Society of Clinical Psychopharmacology (ASCP) 2014 Annual Meeting. Abstract 78.

June 2014
Breastfeeding in Children of Women Taking Antiepileptic Drugs: Cognitive Outcomes At Age Six Years
JAMA Pediatrics

June 2014
Epilepsy and Menopause
Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics

June 2014
A website for teen girls with epilepsy has been launched. It is called Girls with Nerve.

May 2014
New Anti-Epileptic Drugs and Women

April 2014
SUDEP and Epilepsy-Related Mortality in Pregnancy

April 2014
Birth Weight and Cognition in Children with Epilepsy

April 2014
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Sex-Based Differences and Neuropeptide Locations
Accelerating Proteomics

March 2014
Epilepsy drug lamotrigine use in pregnancy: fewer doctor visits ahead?
Health Talk

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